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Frequently Asked Questions

Questions always come up about events like this, and we want to save you some time by providing you with answers to the most common questions. Don’t hesitate to reach out with further questions by contacting us.

Both Health Canada and the FDA have only approved FMT for the treatment of C. difficile. However, there are several additional conditions that show compelling research including autism, IBD (Crohn’s, ulcerative colitis), IBS and chronic fatigue. There may be a role for FMT in patients with chronic constipation and neurodegenerative disease including Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis.

Yes, we do accept patients outside of the set retreat dates who have conditions that are likely to benefit from FMT. If you want to be considered to get treatment by FMT Solution for your particular condition, please send an email and we will get back to you shortly to set up a call if appropriate. (mailto: – subject: FMT Retreat Questions)

Yes, many of our patients come via referral or on the suggestion of their health care providers at home. We welcome referrals and collaboration so please send an email (mailto: – subject: FMT Questions – Health Care Provider) and we would be happy to set up a call and support you in educating your patients.

You will first have to speak with the medical team who will help you in deciding if you are a fit for this progressive therapy. If you are qualified, you will be required to pay a $5,000 USD deposit to hold your spot for a set date.

The youngest children we accept are 3 years old, with no upper limit on age, meaning, we work with adult children with autism as well.

We currently accept 15 – 20 children per retreat to ensure the highest standard of care.

We ensure a consistent high standard of care across all locations. Choice is often based on preference, travel distance or in some cases, timing and availability on given dates.

Although past families may go public in regards to their treatment results and experience in working with FMT Solution, we do not facilitate conversations between past patients and inquiring attendees as we take patient privacy very seriously.

Yes, we are happy to speak with your referring physician to answer any questions they may have as well as to collaborate on the best pre-FMT treatment strategy.

Yes, Jason Klop advises the location licensed staff members throughout the retreat and is there to answer any of your questions.

Some have hypothesized that age- and gender-matched donors may be advantageous, although currently there is no data to support this hypothesis.

Yes, we are committed to ensuring you are able to complete the full 16 weeks of treatment without incident and will support you in collaboration with your medical team at home.

We don’t have enough data to suggest whether or not this is helpful or necessary in regards to FMT for the treatment of autism. With that said, Jason Klop does not believe repeat FMT treatments are necessary in the majority of cases. Where there may be an exception is if your child had to go on a strong and prolonged course of antibiotics and you saw a regression in their improvement since treatment.
In some cases, improvements can be observed during the first week of treatment. However, as a rule of thumb, most children begin showing improvements in digestive symptoms at 5 weeks and improvement in autism-related symptoms at 8 weeks.

Some children experience mild to moderate hyperactivity and tantrums or aggression during the pre-FMT treatment.

We take a very objective approach to tracking patient improvement. We use the standardized Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) prior to treatment, following treatment and then again at 6 months and 1 year following treatment. Additionally, we have parents track their child’s daily bowel movements using the Bristol Stool Form scale throughout treatment and then again for a two week period at 6 months and 1-year post-treatment.
The most compelling data on the use of FMT for the treatment of autism was done over a period of 8 weeks of daily FMT dosing. Even with 8 weeks of treatment, there was a decline in the progress made upon stopping the FMT treatments. Hence, we choose to double the treatment window in hopes that it will improve the results patients experience compared to the Arizona State University study. It is possible that some gains will be made in regards to digestive symptoms, but it is unlikely that sustained and meaningful gains will be made in the autism-related symptoms with only 10 enemas.
Each attendee will receive a minimum of 2 donors throughout the course of treatment. This is similar to the protocol by Dr. Adams at Arizona State University.
Jason Klop does not believe this is the case, especially when high quality extensively screened donors are used. The majority of the studies to date have only used a few donors per treated individual and still showed benefit. This includes the study done by Dr. Adams and his team at Arizona State University.
Novel Biome has partnered with a private lab with American and Canadian donors. Although the retreats take place in another location, we use our qualified donors mentioned above.
Insurance plans do not cover FMT for conditions outside of C diff. You may check with your insurance provider to see if you will be covered under extended insurance. However, we will NOT bill insurance directly. We will provide a detailed invoice at your request.
All medical interventions carry the potential for some risk. FMT is no different. However, the available research indicates that FMT has an excellent documented safety profile in the history of its use when adequate donor screening is performed. Complete informed consent will be given to attendees.
There is no way for us to guarantee that your child will experience gains with FMT. However, based on the available research and Novel Biome’s combined clinical experience, the success rates are very high!
Yes, you will need to purchase a medical freezer to store your “at-home” FMT treatment in. A typical freezer is not suitable as it doesn’t get cold enough. You are responsible for your transportation to and from our treatment location, as well as any costs for food and entertainment you choose to participate in while at the retreat. Additionally, you are responsible for booking your lodging and paying the Hotel directly. There may be some ancillary costs in regards to the pre-FMT treatment but those will be individual depending on what is advised and kept to a minimum.
No, additional therapies are not suggested or offered during the one week of treatment. It is our experience that a one week break from these types of therapies you typically receive at home is beneficial and is a great way to unwind. If you are taking any medication or require certain medical treatments, those will definitely be supported and accommodated!
No. We do not advocate for restrictive or limited diets. The goal upon completing FMT is to add as much diversity in the diet as possible and we will work with you to make that possible.
No, we do not require specific lab tests before attending. Having said that, many children have received many lab and stool tests and we are happy to review those prior to your child’s attendance and in collaboration with your physician to create a pre-FMT treatment plan.
Yes, we do not restrict the number of people who join you. If you need more rooms or an additional transport vehicle for your group, then that will be an expense you are responsible for. Most families come with 1 or 2 adults and in some cases 1 or 2 additional children who are siblings.
No. There is no need for anesthesia during the administration of the enema (enemas are only administered for children who are unable to swallow capsules). The enema is administered by an experienced nurse (see team description above) and takes all of 30 seconds to 1 minute to safely administer. Children often struggle to get away during the administration of the enema as it is an uncomfortable feeling, but this is typical and easily managed during this short period. They should experience no pain at all!
The medical consult and administration of the FMT is all done at a medical clinic within close proximity to the hotel.

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